The Basics of Neurobiology and Addiction course is based on the Biopsychosocial Model described by George Engel in 1977. Engle’s model cited that some people have genetic predispositions for a disease, but social and cognitive factors often combine to trigger the illness episode. Extreme stress with work or family life and other psychological factors, such as perfectionist tendencies, can exploit a genetic pathway for depression or other behavioral problems. Unlike purely biomedical interventions, Engel strived for a more holistic approach by recognizing that each patient has unique thoughts, feelings, and history. In developing this model, Engel promoted a well-accepted methodology for treating illnesses and psychological problems.
In this 15-minute micro-course, you will gain a strong understanding of the how the model attributes disease to: (1) biological factors, such as genetics and heritability, (2) psychological factors such as, mood, personality variables, and behavior, and (3) social factors, such as culture, family, and socioeconomics. The Basics of Neurobiology and Addiction course teaches how the brain is wired to learn and repeat behaviors to support survival. In this lesson, you will learn about the limbic system and rewards system and how neurobiology interacts with substance use.